Journal of Electrophoresis
Online ISSN : 1349-9408
Print ISSN : 1349-9394
ISSN-L : 1349-9394
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  • Maho Inoue, Youji Shimazaki
    2023 Volume 67 Issue 1 Pages 1-7
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: December 26, 2023

    By using a combinational method of non-denaturing two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE) and reverse staining, various water-soluble esterases in the mouse liver were separated and detected. When the effects of Zn2+ and imidazole were investigated, Zn2+ increased esterase activity while imidazole had no effect on esterase activity. After separation using non-denaturing 2DE and reverse staining, esterase activity on the 2DE gel was also increased by Zn2+, whereas there was no effect on esterase activity by the treatment of imidazole. In addition, the activity of various esterases was inhibited by 1 mM Fe2+ using esterase activity staining after the combination of non-denaturing 2DE and reverse staining. Furthermore, by 1 mM Fe2+, the activities of various esterases separated and detected using the combined method were found to be suppressed to 34–42% of that in the absence of Fe2+ after analyzing substrate changes using fluorometry. Based on the above, the combination of non-denaturing 2DE and reverse staining is applicable to search for substances that inhibit various esterase activities.

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  • Ryota Kiriyama, Masamichi Oh-Ishi
    2023 Volume 67 Issue 1 Pages 9-13
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: December 26, 2023

    The amount of metal ions that exist in living organisms is almost fixed for each organism. In the case of soybeans, divalent metal ions such as Mg2+ and Ca2+ exist in hundreds of mg per 100 g of soybean (abundant metals), while divalent metal ions such as Fe2+, Mn2+, and Cu2+ exist in only a few mg per 100 g of soybean (trace metals). To investigate the difference in effectiveness in aggregating proteins between the two groups of metal ions, a comparative analysis was performed using a combination method of low-concentration (0.1%) SDS extraction, aggregates sedimentation with low-speed centrifugation, and SDS-PAGE. When the amount of ferrous sulfate (FeSO4) added to soybean homogenate exceeded 0.3 mM, the most bands on SDS-PAGE suddenly became fainter. On the other hand, with calcium chloride (CaCl2), these bands became a little thinner when it exceeded 0.5 mM, but even if the amount of CaCl2 added was increased, they became thinner gradually and did not become thinner suddenly. Furthermore, it is noteworthy that when 0.1 mM copper sulfate (CuSO4) was added to soybean homogenate, the most bands became fainter but only a band of unidentified protein with 21 kDa increased. Based on the above experiments, it is possible to investigate the formation of aggregates between various metal ions and soybean proteins using low-concentration SDS extracts, which is a new method for investigating proteins that interact with metal ions.

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