2018 年 13 巻 4 号 p. JFST0027
Fluctuation characteristics of plasma jet flow in an innovative long DC arc system with ring-shaped anode were successfully clarified on the basis of the high-speed camera visualization. The long DC arc with long electrode gap distance more than 350 mm has been applied to gas decomposition due to its advantages such as large plasma volume and long residence time of treated gas. However, large heat loss at a conventional hemispherical-shaped anode was critical issue in the long DC arc system. Therefore, a ring-shaped anode was utilized to convert large energy loss at the anode into the plasma jet flow. Two kinds of the experiments were conducted. One was the estimation of energy balance in the long DC arc system. Calorimetric measurements were carried out. Another was the high-speed camera observation of the arc fluctuation and the plasma jet fluctuation. Results indicated that the 60% of heat loss at the conventional hemispherical-shaped anode was converted into the plasma jet flow when the ring-shaped anode was utilized. High-speed camera observation revealed that the plasma jet fluctuation with sharp FFT peak in the range of 25-500Hz was attributed to the arc fluctuation, which originated from the restrike phenomena of the anode spot. In contrast, results also suggested that the plasma jet fluctuation with broad FFT peaks in the range of 100-300Hz was attributed to the eddy formation due to the entrainment of ambient cold gas. To understand and control the fluctuation phenomena in the plasma jet enables to establish the innovative waste treatment by thermal plasmas.