Journal of Fluid Science and Technology
Online ISSN : 1880-5558
ISSN-L : 1880-5558
Flight dynamics in forward flights of cabbage white butterfly
ジャーナル オープンアクセス

2023 年 18 巻 1 号 p. JFST0011


We conducted measurements of a butterfly’s motion in forward flight and numerical simulations using a computational model reflecting its motion. We measured the motion of a cabbage white butterfly (Pieris rapae), and then we constructed a computational model composed of a thorax, an abdomen, and four wings (i.e., left and right wings with fore and hind parts). Furthermore, we calculated the flow field and aerodynamic force and torque generated by the butterfly model using the immersed boundary–lattice Boltzmann method. In this simulation, we considered two types of periodic motions corresponding to slightly-descending and ascending forward flights. As a result, we found that the wing-tip and leading-edge vortices are formed on the wings and then released backward and downward in both flights. The major difference between the two flights is the flapping amplitude, indicating that the butterfly changes the flapping amplitude for each period and increases it to ascend. In addition, we considered a chimera model whose motion is based on the slightly-descending flight but partly given by the ascending flight. As a result, we found that the pitching angle and the angle of attack determine the traveling direction, but simply changing these angles does not achieve the ascending flight due to insufficient lift force. Thus, the butterfly should adjust the flapping and lead–lag angles in response to the pitching angle and the angle of attack to change the flight mode.

© 2023 by The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons [Attribution 4.0 International] license.
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