2001 Volume 47 Issue 4 Pages 193-200
The induction of 2-amino-Δ2-thiazoline-4-carboxylic acid hydrolase (ATCase) and N-carbamoylcysteine amidohydrolase (NCCase), both of which are involved in the conversion step of 2-amino-Δ2-thiazoline carboxylic acid (ATC) to cysteine, was studied with Pseudomonas putida AJ3865. We found that L-ATC induced L-ATCase and L-NCCase, but that D-ATC induced only L-NCCase, whereas L- or D-NCC and thiazoline derivatives did not induce both enzymes. The bacterium showed neither D-ATCase nor D-NCCase activities, indicating that the role of L-ATC and D-ATC was different in the enzyme induction. We also found new inducers, D- and L-methionine, S-methyl-L-cysteine, cysteic acid, and 2-aminoethane sulfonic acid. However, the induction level of both enzymes by new inducers was much lower than those by L-ATC and D-ATC. Furthermore, the induction rate of both enzymes was synergistically increased only under a combination of D,L-ATC and new inducers. S-Compounds, however, such as new inducers except S-methyl-L-cysteine, inhibited both enzyme activities. This is the first report on the new inducers, synergistic induction, and the new inhibitors of L-ATCase and L-NCCase.