2005 Volume 51 Issue 6 Pages 327-334
Syncephalastrum racemosum Cohn. produces an extracellular xylanase that was shown to potentially bleach pulp at pH 10 and 50°C. The enzyme was found to be a dimer with an apparent molecular weight of 29 kDa as determined by SDS-PAGE. The optimum activity was found at two pH values 8.5 and 10.5; however the activity sharply decreased below pH 6 and above pH 10.5. The enzyme was stable for 72 h at pH 10.5 and at 50°C. Kinetic experiments at 50°C gave Vmax and Km of 1,400 U/ml min−1 mg−1 protein and 0.05 mg/ml respectively. The enzyme had no apparent requirement for cofactors, and its activity was strongly inhibited by group II b metal ions like Zn2+, Hg2+, etc. Xylan completely protected the enzyme from being inactivated by N-bromosuccinimide.