2007 Volume 53 Issue 6 Pages 339-343
Citrobacter sp. strain KCTC 18061P was found to be able to decolorize textile plant effluent containing different types of reactive dyes. Effects of physico-chemical parameters, such as aeration, nitrogen source, glucose and effluent concentrations on the color removal of real dye effluent by this strain were investigated. The observed changes in the visible spectra indicated color removal by the absorption of dye to cells during incubation with the strain. This strain showed higher decolorization ability under aerobic than static culture conditions. With 1% glucose, this strain removed 70% of effluent color within 5 days. Decolorization was not significantly dependent on the nitrogen sources tested. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD) were decreased in proportion to incubation times, and their removal rates were about 35% and 50%, respectively, at 7 days of culture.