Three strains, FYK2301M01T, FYK2301M18 and FYK2301M52, all being Gram-negative, spherical, motile and facultatively anaerobic, were isolated from a marine alga (Porphyra sp.) collected on Mikura Island, Japan. Colonies of the strains were circular and pink-pigmented on Marine Agar 2216 (Difco) at 25°C. Cells of the strains reproduced by binary fission. The G+C content of the DNA was 73 mol%. The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-6. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the strains are the members of the WPS-1 group (Nogales et al., 2001) comprising no validly described taxa within the phylum Planctomycetes. The highest similarity value of the 16S rRNA gene sequences of the strains to those in the established bacterial taxa was only 78.7% to Planctomyces brasiliensis DSM 5305T. From the taxonomic data obtained in this study, it is proposed that the new marine isolates be placed in a novel genus and species named Phycisphaera mikurensis gen. nov., sp. nov. within a new family, order and class Phycisphaeraceae fam. nov., Phycisphaerales ord. nov. and Phycisphaerae classis nov. in the phylum Planctomycetes. The type strain of Phycisphaera mikurensis is FYK2301M01T (= NBRC 102666T = KCTC 22515T).
2009 by The Applied Microbiology, Molecular and Cellular Biosciences Research Foundation