2019 Volume 65 Issue 2 Pages 80-87
The yeast Lipomyces accumulates triacylglycerols (TAGs) as intracellular fat globules, and these TAGs can be used as source materials for biodiesel production. In this study, we aimed to use this yeast to produce lipids from renewable resources. Using plate culture and micrograph methods, strains with a high lipid-accumulation ability were screened from 15,408 types of systems combining renewable resources, strains, and culture temperatures. The lipid-accumulation ability of the strains was estimated from the fat globule volume, which was calculated using a micrograph. The reliability of this method was examined, and strains with a high lipid-accumulation ability were identified for each renewable resource. Seventy-seven Lipomyces strains (7 deposit, 68 wild-type, 2 mutants) with a high lipid-accumulation ability were selected. A few strains possessed the ability to accumulate large amounts of TAGs from more than four different renewable resources. We found that strains with a high lipid-accumulation ability could efficiently convert consumed carbon sources into TAGs, which could be easily recovered from the fat globules of these strains through physical disruption.