Article ID: 2019.04.003
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is characterized by its capability to produce extracellular virulence proteins and to establish biofilm-based infections that do not respond easily to conventional treatments. However, the physiological conditions that decrease the fitness of such a persistent pathogen would assist the host to defend itself and reduce the infection prevalence. Therefore, developing treatments against P. aeruginosa requires a quantitative understanding of the relationship between bacterial growth kinetics and secretion of alginate and proteins, in addition to the ecological factors that control their synthesis. For this purpose, we examined various environmental factors that affect the specific product yield coefficients (expressed as g product/OD600 (of alginate and extracellular proteins using a mucoid (FRD1) and a non-mucoid (PAO1) clinical isolate of P. aeruginosa, respectively. The results suggested magnesium sulfate, trace elements and hydrogen peroxide as significant variables that positively affect alginate synthesis by the FRD1 cells. However, the production of extracellular proteins by PAO1 was negatively affected by aeration and the concentration of ferrous sulfate. For understanding the kinetics of expressing alginate and extracellular proteins by the cells, a well-controlled 5 L tank bioreactor was used. The results suggested that under the bioreactor controlled conditions, both alginate and extracellular proteins are expressed parallel to biomass increase in the cells of P. aeruginosa.