Yet another kinase (YAK) 1 is a conserved eukaryotic protein kinase coordinating growth and development. We previously isolated a mutant of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii defective in the YAK1 ortholog triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation regulator 1 (TAR1). The mutant tar1-1 displayed higher levels of chlorophyll, starch, TAG, and biomass than the parental strain C9 (renamed as C9-3) in photoautotrophic nitrogen (N)-deficient conditions. However, we found that the parental C9-3 showed faster chlorosis upon N-deficiency than the original C9 (C9-1) freshly recovered from cryopreservation, suggesting that C9-3 had acquired particular characteristics during long-term subculturing. To exclude phenotypes dependent on a particular parental strain, we newly created tar1 mutants from two wild-types, C9-1 and CC 125. Like tar1-1, the new tar1 mutants showed higher levels of chlorophyll and TAG/starch than the parental strain. Upon removal of N, Chlamydomonas cells divide once before ceasing further division. Previously, the single division after N-removal was arrested in tar1-1 in photomixotrophic conditions, but this phenotype was not observed in photoautotrophic conditions because of the particular characteristics of the parental C9-3. However, using C9- 1 and CC-125 as parental strains, we showed that cell division after N-removal was impaired in new tar1 mutants in photoautotrophic conditions. Consistent with the view that the division under N-deficiency is necessary for gametic differentiation, new tar1 mutants showed lower mating efficiency than the parental strains. Taken together, TAR1 was suggested to promote differentiation into gametes through the regulation of cell division in response to N-deficiency.