2018 年 47 巻 1 号 p. 37-41
The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of environmental adjustments and activity programs implemented by occupational therapists with regard to dementia-related fall prevention. In this quasi-experimental study, the intervention group for the corrective measures was comprised of 38 patients; the intervention continued for a 12-week period. A controlled study was then conducted by comparing that group to a control group consisting of 29 patients over the same period. Members of the intervention group were examined individually by occupational therapists then underwent customized intervention of the fall prevention. The results of this analysis showed that a comparison of the control group between pre-intervention and during intervention revealed no change. The intervention group exhibited a significant communication reduction in the number of falls (P=0.004). These findings suggest that the programs implemented by dementia-related occupational therapists are effective ways to prevent falls.