2019 年 28 巻 1 号 p. 39-52
Environmental degradation in the form of global warming has progressed to such an extent that it threatens the future of humanity; hence, a review of development, which has been pursuing material richness and convenience, and a search for a sustainable society have begun. In modern agriculture, technological advancement has taken rapid strides to achieve productivity and efficiency for catering to the increased urbanization and for feeding the growing population. However, the exploitation of nature to improve productivity and the rampant use of pesticides has caused irreversible damage to the environment.
A symbiotic society that aims to break away from the capitalist system must work to become a sustainable society with a balance between decentralized cities, agriculture, and industry. Agriculture in such a de-modernized society should be aimed at supporting the environment and the people who work in the agricultural sector as well as their respective regions; this will ensure a harmonious amalgamation of economic, ecological, and living values. Agricultural technology support and agricultural science should be aimed at the realization of the society. In the current state of agricultural science with advanced specialization, it is impossible to deal with areas individually. It is necessary to first analyze the actual condition of the area and to make the flow of technological development inductively directed from a comprehensive point of view, focusing on the local agriculture and farmers.