2000 年 21 巻 2 号 p. 53-72
The viewpoints to private gardens in Japan were compared between Japanese and British students. Sample of garden landscapes was collected through area sampling. From the rate of familiarity of British students to garden landscapes, gardens were divided into ‘unfamiliar’ and‘familiar’ gardens. Comparison was made by correspondence analysis to the data gathered in psychological experiments using questionnaires. When two groups' characters are compared by correspondence analysis, the meaning of components revealed by correspondence analysis differs between the two groups. To see this in detail, two components of British's with the highest similarity to the first two components of Japanese's were extracted using correlation between Japanese and British eigen vectors and orthogonal transformation. This procedure revealed the following results. 1) The viewpoints to garden landscapes were similar between Japanese's and British's to a certain degree. 2) There were also some differences in viewpoints between the two, including ‘natural’, ‘manmade’, ‘modern’, ‘spacious’ and so on. 3) Some ‘unfamiliar’ garden landscapes gave quite different impression between the two groups. 4) The configuration of ‘familiar’ garden landscapes was quite similar between the two groups.