1995 年 70 巻 6 号 p. 687-692
To estimate approximate times of divergence of animal phyla lacking fossil data, it is important to find a molecule that evolves with an approximately constant rate over a wide evolutionary distance covering the whole animal phyla. For this purpose, the evolutionary rate constancy has been examined for 20 proteins. It was found that four proteins, particularly the aldolase C, involved in the glycolitic pathway, had evolved with rates that are approximately constant not only among different classes of vertebrates, but also between vertebrates and arthropods. The evolutionary rate (= 0.26 × 10 -9/site/year) of the aldolase C is likely to have remained essentially unchanged even between animals and plants.