2015 Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 42
Purpose: This study was undertaken to develop a Home-Exercise Barrier Self-Efficacy Scale (HEBS) for elderly people, to evaluate the reliability and validity of HEBS, and to clarify the relation between HEBS and obtained data.
Methods: Study participants were 114 elderly people (mean 80.0 ± 9.2 years) requiring support and care. This study assessed their gender, age, primary disease, level of long-term care need, stage of change for home exercise modification, 8-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-8) responses, and HEBS.
Results: A HEBS with six items was created with one factor structure. Cronbach’s alpha for this subscale in this study was 0.86. The HEBS score showed excellent test-retest reliability (r = 0.94). We conducted an analysis of variance with independent variables of construct validity and stage of change for home exercise modification. The dependent variable was the HEBS score. Results clarified that the HEBS score increased significantly as the stage progressed. Scores shown by people under age of 75 were significantly higher than those of people 75 or older. No significant difference was found between gender, primary disease, level of long-term care needed, or HEBS score.
Conclusion: The HEBS was confirmed to be reliable and valid for measuring confidence in performing Home Exercise for elderly people requiring support and care.