JOURNAL OF JAPAN SOCIETY OF HYDROLOGY AND WATER RESOURCES
Online ISSN : 1349-2853
Print ISSN : 0915-1389
ISSN-L : 0915-1389
Review article
Climate Change Effects on Water Resources in China and India:
Significance of the Report Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Kensaku AMANO
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2021 Volume 34 Issue 6 Pages 367-376

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Abstract

 How do China and India present official information related to climate change to international society? These countries hold the most important key to how economically developing countries should approach climate change issues. Regarding the effects of climate change on water resources in such countries, the paper presents analyses of the National Communications and Biennial Update Report submitted to the Secretariat under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. These reports explain details of the tight water supply and demand situations in China and India exacerbated by population growth and economic development, which is worsened further by climate change. Floods and droughts exert the greatest effects of climate change on water resources. Both countries are appealing to the international community with specific figures. Water resource data were once considered confidential information and were given careful handling. However, the background of active disclosure of information by both countries is fulfillment of the responsibilities of economically developing countries under the treaty. With historical responsibility, one might infer that economically developed countries intend to meet such promises.

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