JMA Journal
Online ISSN : 2433-3298
Print ISSN : 2433-328X
Original Research Article
Complete Republication: Fall Injury while the Parent Is Operating a Bicycle with an Infant in a Baby Carrier
Osamu NomuraYusuke MiyazakiHirokazu TakeiMariko TerauchiShun KishibeYusuke HagiwaraKoji KitamuraYoshifumi NishidaTatsuhiro Yamanaka
ジャーナル オープンアクセス

2020 年 3 巻 4 号 p. 330-339


Introduction: Pediatric emergency physicians commonly experience cases of infantile trauma as a result of a child falling from the arms or the back of a parent while the parent is operating a bicycle.

Methods: 1. We conducted a retrospective case-series study which included children younger than 1 year who were injured after falling from the arms or the back of the parent while the latter was operating a bicycle.

2. We conducted a dynamics experiment by recreating the circumstances of the accident using dummies representing a 6-month-old infant being carried on the back of the mother. We assessed the score of the Head Injury Criterion (HIC) and the maximum impact load on the head of the dummy infant.

Results: 1. We found eight injured patients, two of whom required intensive care. One of the latter experienced neurological sequelae.

2. The HIC score and the maximum impact load varied from 7.7 to 17.0 and 2.26 to 3.47 times the reference values for 6-month-old infants, respectively.

Conclusions: Our study revealed that a strong impact on an infant's head can result in severe head trauma due to the mechanics of the injury type studied. Preventive strategies for the safe transportation of infants are needed.

© 2020 Japan Medical Association

JMA Journal applies the Creative Commons Attribution License to all works published by the journal. Anyone may download, reuse, copy, reprint, distribute, or modify articles published in the journal, if they cite the original authors and source. No permission is required from the publisher.
前の記事 次の記事