2012 年 107 巻 3 号 p. 121-126
Miyahisaite, (Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F, a new mineral of the hedyphane group in the apatite supergroup, is found in the Shimoharai mine, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Miyahisaite is colorless and occurs as a pseudomorphic aggregate (up to about 100 μm in size) along with fluorapatite in the quartz matrix in a namansilite-rich layer of the chert. Its hardness is 5 on the Mohs scale, and its calculated density is 4.511 g/cm3. The empirical formula of miyahisaite is (Sr1.366Ca0.717)Σ2.083Ba2.911P3.002O12(F0.898OH0.088Cl0.014)Σ1.00, which is representatively shown as (Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F. Its simplified ideal formula is written as Sr2Ba3(PO4)3F, which requires 23.25 wt% SrO, 51.62 wt% BaO, 23.89 wt% P2O5, 2.13 wt% F, and -0.90 wt% F = O, for a total of 100.00 wt%. The mineral is hexagonal with a space group P63/m, unit cell parameters a = 9.921 (2) Å, c = 7.469 (3) Å, and V = 636.7 (3) Å3, and Z = 2. The eight strongest lines in the powder XRD pattern [d (Å), (I/I0), hkl] are 3.427 (16) 102, 3.248 (22) 120, 2.981 (100) 121, 2.865 (21) 300, 1.976 (23) 123, 1.874 (16) 140, 1.870 (15) 004, and 1.864 (17) 402. The mineral was formed by the reaction between fluorapatite and the Ba-bearing fluid that produced the aegirine-rich layer with hydrous Ba-rich minerals during the late-stage activity.