2017 Volume 112 Issue 5 Pages 256-270
Omphacite replacing after relic edenitic pargasite has been found in an omphacite–bearing jadeitite block of the Itoigawa–Omi area in the Hida–Gaien belt. Omphacite occurs sporadically as fine–grained aggregate reaching a few cm in length in a jadeite–albite matrix, and sometimes contains edenitic pargasite as a core. The edenitic pargasite is chemically and optically homogeneous and does not show direct contact with jadeite and albite. An irregular shaped omphacite–diopside mixed area occurs near edenitic pargasite in a coarse omphacite aggregate. The texture suggests that the breakdown of edenitic pargasite was triggered by the addition of a hydrothermal fluid, from which jadeite and albite were precipitated later, passing through diopside and omphacite by the reaction:
At the periphery of pseudomorphic omphacite, a hydrothermal fluid removed the breakdown components of the reaction other than omphacite.
New in–situ LA–ICP–MS U–Pb dating revealed that zircons in edenitic pargasite yield apparent age up to ~ 590 Ma, with mean ages of 560 ± 16 Ma, interpreted as the minimum age of a precursor rock. A zircon age of 519 ± 21 Ma from jadeitite without omphacite corresponds to a timing of crystallization of omphacite, jadeite, and albite. The studied jadeitite is a typical R–type jadeitite, and the nearly total replacement from a precursor rock to the omphacite–bearing jadeitite has been attributed to hydrothermal activity at Middle Cambrian times.