Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1349-3825
Print ISSN : 1345-6296
ISSN-L : 1345-6296
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Finding of talc– and kyanite–bearing amphibolite from the Paleoproterozoic Usagaran Belt, Tanzania
Keiko MORITatsuki TSUJIMORINelson BONIFACE
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2018 Volume 113 Issue 6 Pages 316-321

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Abstract

We report a newly discovered assemblage of talc–kyanite in an amphibolite from the Isimani Suite of the Paleoproterozoic Usagaran Belt, central Tanzania. The amphibolite is characterized by the mineral assemblage of clinoamphibole, kyanite, talc with minor rutile, quartz, dolomite, and rare barite. The high Fe3+/(Fe3+ + Fe2+) ratio (0.48–0.80) of clinoamphibole and the presence of sulfate (barite) indicate a very–high oxidation state during metamorphism. P–T pseudosection modelling predicts that the studied talc– and kyanite–bearing amphibolites formed at high–pressure conditions (P > 1.0 GPa). Moreover, the modelling suggests formation of talc + kyanite + clinoamphibole at a highly oxidizing condition with CO2 fluid. This talc–kyanite association provides an index of high–pressure metamorphism of the Usagaran Belt and marks the oldest record of the talc–kyanite association in regional metamorphism in the Earth’s history.

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© 2018 Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences
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