2017 年 11 巻 5 号 p. 227-234
Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the incidence of the CT high-density area that appears immediately after endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke with postprocedural hemorrhagic transformation and its significance in the clinical outcome.
Methods: Ten patients with ischemic stroke of the anterior circulation encountered between May 2014 and December 2015 in whom recanalization could be achieved within 8 hours after the onset were retrospectively analyzed. In addition, 695 patients presented in 13 reports were divided into thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy groups, and the postprocedural incidence of CT high-density areas was compared between the two groups.
Results: Postprocedural CT high-density areas were observed in six (60%) of our patients. Hemorrhagic transformation occurred in three of them, but no exacerbation of neurological symptoms was noted. The incidence of postprocedural CT high-density areas was 43.1% (191/443) in the thrombolysis group and 71.8% (188/262) in the mechanical thrombectomy group including our patients, being significantly higher in the latter group (p <0.01).
Conclusion: Although CT high-density areas appear more frequently after mechanical thrombectomy than after thrombolysis, they are considered to be infrequently developed into hemorrhagic transformation and exert relatively few negative effects on the neurological outcome.