Journal of the National Institute of Public Health
Online ISSN : 2432-0722
Print ISSN : 1347-6459
ISSN-L : 1347-6459
Methods for resolving medical issues in sidewalk construction by using engineering technologies
Construction of sidewalks based on universal design enhanced by the collaboration between medicine and engineering
Tomohiko AsadaYoshikatsu MiuraMichiko BandoMotoya HayashiHidenao Fukuyama
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2017 Volume 66 Issue 4 Pages 451-457


Objectives: This paper considers the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration between medicine and engineering in the construction of sidewalks based on recent literature from Japan and overseas. Methods: First, it considers the effects of promoting the use of sidewalks, which is the prerequisite for their construction, from a medical (public health) perspective. Second, we present a chronological overview of sidewalks based on universal design followed by an explanation on the resolution of medical issues in the construction of sidewalks in the future by using engineering technologies from a professional and the users' perspective. Finally, this paper raises medical (neuroscience) issues beyond users' perspective and proposes solutions based on engineering technology for the future "deepening of universal design in sidewalk construction." Citing coincidence anticipation timing (CAT) performance for example, this paper provides a medical (neuroscientific) explanation for the need to prevent falls users are unaware of, thus proposing solutions using specific engineering technologies.

Conclusions: In the future, there is a need to further enhance this type of universal design suitable for a super-aged society.

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© 2017 National Institute of Public Health, Japan
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