2017 Volume 66 Issue 4 Pages 451-457
Objectives: This paper considers the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration between medicine and engineering in the construction of sidewalks based on recent literature from Japan and overseas. Methods: First, it considers the effects of promoting the use of sidewalks, which is the prerequisite for their construction, from a medical (public health) perspective. Second, we present a chronological overview of sidewalks based on universal design followed by an explanation on the resolution of medical issues in the construction of sidewalks in the future by using engineering technologies from a professional and the users' perspective. Finally, this paper raises medical (neuroscience) issues beyond users' perspective and proposes solutions based on engineering technology for the future "deepening of universal design in sidewalk construction." Citing coincidence anticipation timing (CAT) performance for example, this paper provides a medical (neuroscientific) explanation for the need to prevent falls users are unaware of, thus proposing solutions using specific engineering technologies.
Conclusions: In the future, there is a need to further enhance this type of universal design suitable for a super-aged society.