Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Online ISSN : 1881-7742
Print ISSN : 0301-4800
ISSN-L : 0301-4800
Regular Paper
Anti-Allergic Properties of a Matured Fruit Extract of the Date Palm Tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Mite-Sensitized Mice
Koji KARASAWAHajime OTANI
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2012 Volume 58 Issue 4 Pages 272-277

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Abstract

The effects of oral ingestion of a hot water extract of matured fruit of the date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) on allergic responses were investigated in mite-sensitized mice. Sneezing and nose rubbing events in mice given a date extract-added diet were significantly lower than in those given an extract-free (control) diet. The serum total and mite antigen-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E levels, and the number of spleen interleukin-4+CD4+, IgE+B220+ and FcεRIα+CD117+ cells was significantly lower in mice given the date extract-added diet than in those given the control diet. Chlorogenic acid, pelargonin and ferulic acid significantly reduced the number of IgE+B220+ cells, while chlorogenic acid and pelargonin significantly decreased the number of FcεRIα+CD117+ cells in mouse spleen cell cultures. These results suggest that some polyphenols in the date may reduce mite-induced allergic symptoms in mice via a decrease in the number of IgE-producing plasma cells and high-affinity IgE receptor-expressing mast cells.

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© 2012 by the Center for Academic Publications Japan
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