2015 Volume 61 Issue 6 Pages 502-505
Recently, proteoglycan was purified from the nasal cartilage of salmon. Although several physiological effects have been reported, the effect of salmon nasal cartilage proteoglycan (salmon PG) on glucose metabolism remains unclear. We studied the effect of salmon PG on rat plasma glucose levels. Oral administration of 1% salmon PG significantly attenuated the increase in portal plasma glucose levels following an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Additionally 1% salmon PG delayed the increase in peripheral glucose concentration induced by the OGTT. Mucosal administration of 1% salmon PG significantly decreased active glucose transport using the everted jejunal sac method. Furthermore, transmural potential difference (ΔPD) measurements using the everted jejunum revealed that 1% salmon PG significantly decreased glucose-dependent and phlorhizin (inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter 1; SGLT1)-sensitive ΔPD. These results suggest that salmon PG decreases glucose absorption via SGLT1 in the jejunum, thereby attenuating the increase in portal and peripheral plasma glucose levels in rats.