1995 Volume 41 Issue 5 Pages 527-543
Male mice of three strains, C57BL, DBA and C3H/He, were fed on commercial food with 10% (v/v) ethanol solution as drinking liquid ad libitum for eighty days, and the changes in the activities of enzymes in the metabolic pathway of ethanol in the liver were examined. C57BL and C3H/He mice showed a preference for drinking the 10% (v/v) ethanol solution, while DBA mice did not. The ethanol intake g/g of body weight of C3H/He mice showed the highest value among all three strains and that of C57BL mice tended to show higher value than that of DBA mice. The liver weights of C57BL and C3H/He mice increased significantly following chronic ethanol administration, but that of DBA did not. The cytosolic enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) showed no changes in any of the strains following chronic ethanol administration. The microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system (MEOS) of C57BL mice exhibited approximately 2-fold higher activity compared to that of DBA and C3H/He mice but did not increase in any strain following chronic ethanol administration. However, the microsomal aniline hydroxylase activity in the liver increased significantly in C57BL and C3H/He mice following chronic administration of ethanol. The microsomal cytochrome P-450 content also tended to slightly increase in the same strains of mice. It seemed that cytochrome P-450IIE1 was induced in the liver microsomes of these strains. Total aldehyde dehydrogenase (A1DH) activities together with high-Km A1DH activity increased markedly in the microsomes of C57BL mice and tended to increase in C3H/He mice, while it did not change in DBA mice following chronic ethanol administration. In the mitochondria of C57BL, total A1DH activities increased slightly and high-Km A1DH activities tended to increase. These mitochondrial A1DH activities of C3H/He and DBA mice tended to increase following chronic ethanol administration. The cytosolic A1DH activity showed no changes in any strain of mice following chronic ethanol administration. It seemed that in the microsomes, the activities of enzymes related to oxidation of ethanol increased in C57BL and C3H/He mice, which tended to consume a large amount of ethanol, and did not in DBA mice which tended to consume a small amount of it. It seemed that the increases in activities of enzymes related to oxidation of acetaldehyde in the microsomes and in the mitochondria were responsible for the strain difference.