Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Online ISSN : 1881-7742
Print ISSN : 0301-4800
ISSN-L : 0301-4800
Effects of Lactitol-Oligosaccharides on Calcium and Magnesium Absorption in Rats
Shuichi YANAHIRAMinoru MORITASeiichiro AOEToshiaki SUGURIYukihiro TAKADASusumu MIURAIchiro NAKAJIMA
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1997 Volume 43 Issue 1 Pages 123-132

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Abstract

Lactitol-oligosaccharide (LO) was prepared from lactitol by transglycosylation reaction with Aspergillus oryzae β-galactosidase. LO is resistant to metabolism in the small intestine but not in the large intestine. The effects of LO, lactose (Lac), lactitol (Lacol) and galacto-oligosaccharide (GL) on calcium and magnesium absorption were deter-mined by feeding 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley male rats diets containing 5% of the above carbohydrates for two weeks. The results obtained were as follows. 1) A significant increase of calcium absorption was observed in the LO diet. 2) A significant increase of magnesium absorption was observed in the LO, GL and Lacol diets. 3) The concentration of total volatile fatty acids (VFA) in the cecal contents increased significantly in the LO, GL and Lacol diets. The main constituent of VFA in the cecal contents was found to be acetic acid. 4) The correlations between calcium and magnesium absorption ratios and total VFA concentration in the cecum were found to be significantly related. These findings suggest that LO is metabolized to VFA, among which acetic acid concentration seems to have the most stimulatory effect on the absorption of calcium.

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