オリエント
Online ISSN : 1884-1406
Print ISSN : 0030-5219
ISSN-L : 0030-5219
ゾロアストラ伝の一齣とその意義
伊藤 義教
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ジャーナル フリー

1968 年 11 巻 1-2 号 p. 1-31,158

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In Yasna 439, l. 2, Ahura Mazda is implicitly referred to in 2. pers. sing., which however is followed by a verb in 3. pers. sing. (pairi. jasat). The apparent disaccord may reasonably be explained in such a way as θwavas “Thy Highness” (nom. sg.) is elided as subject taking the predicate in 3. pers. sg. The author's interpretation as such can be justified by Nipištak-Vicitakiha i Zatspram (The Selections of Zatspram as is generally, known) ed. by B. T. Anklesaria, Bombay 1964, chapts. XXI4-XXII. Vahuman here revealed himself to Zoroaster and led him to Ohrmezd in the celestial anjuman, where the prophet entered into conversation with Him. That the two celestial Beings appeared to Zoroaster seems to support the author's argument against all the translators thus far—argument that, referring to Ahura Mazda alone, θwavas “Thy Highness” whether expressed or elided accepts the predicate in 3. pers. sg., not simply in Y. 439 but also in all other passages where θwavas, either explicit or implicit, is attested; see p. 24 in which are listed the passages concerned. The syntactical phenomenon, however, seems soon to have fallen into oblivion, because in Pahlavi version and correspondingly in Neryosang's Sanskrit rendering of Y. 439, l. 2 it is solely Vahuman that makes apparition to the prophet of Ancient Iran.

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