オリエント
Online ISSN : 1884-1406
Print ISSN : 0030-5219
ISSN-L : 0030-5219
テグダルニオグルの乱について
北川 誠一
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ジャーナル フリー

1977 年 20 巻 2 号 p. 57-73,145

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The revolt of Tegüder Oghul, whose name has been often misread as Nigüder, was a serious factor in the situation of war between Baraq Khan and Abaqa Khan in 1270.
Tegüder was a grand son of Chaghatai Khan and ason of Muji Yabah. He came to Iran with Hülegü leading a tümen of army selected from the ulus of Chagatai and settled himself in the Il-Khanid territory. His summer camp was in Ayrarat in Armenia and winter quater was in Nakhchivan on the river Aras. He received high respect from the Il-Khans as a member of the Chingizids.
In the summer of 1269 revolted against Abaqa Khan and forced himself in Gurjistan with the instigation of the Chaghataid Khan Baraq. Immediately Shiremün Noyan, who camped in the mountains of Artani, attacked and defeated his army and captured some of them. Tegüder fled into the Imeretian Kindom of Western Georgia and reorganized his troops there, then began subversive activites in central Georgia. In 1270, Shiremün was dispatched again and succeeded in the suppression and took him prisoner. He was deprived of his army and confined inthe Island of Shahi in the lake Urmiya. he was released and stayed in the Il-Khan's Ordo until death.
Iu the war of 1269-1270, he hold in check the main body of the Il-Khanid army in west Iran, so they did not depart from Azarbaijian for the front before his surrender.
Tegüder's defeat caused the dissolution of the Chaghataid army in Iran and strengthened the Hülegüid feature of Il-Khanid state. His short lived success of the revolt was due to the aids of Imeretien king Dimitri IV. We see native dynasties began to influence the poliical balance between Mongol antagonists.

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