Journal of Oral Science
Online ISSN : 1880-4926
Print ISSN : 1343-4934
ISSN-L : 1343-4934
Original
Passive ultrasonic irrigation in the presence of a low concentration of hydrogen peroxide enhances hydroxyl radical generation and bactericidal effect against Enterococcus faecalis
Yoshimi KobayashiMakoto HayashiFumihiko YoshinoMuneaki TamuraAyaka YoshidaHaruna IbiMasaichi-Chang-il LeeKuniyasu OchiaiBunnai Ogiso
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2014 Volume 56 Issue 1 Pages 35-39

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Abstract

Chemomechanical procedures can be used to eliminate bacteria from root canals. However, detectable bacteria sometimes remain because of the complexity of the root canal system. Endodontic passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) may be a promising option for increasing bactericidal hydroxyl radical (HO) generation. In this in vitro experiment, we examined the effects of HO generated using PUI and a low concentration of H2O2. An ultrasonic tip was submerged in 0.45 mol/L (1.5%) H2O2 in a microfuge tube. H2O2 was activated by an ultrasonic unit, the tip of which was kept centered in the tube, to mimic PUI. HO generation was detected by electron spin resonance spectroscopy. An Enterococcus faecalis suspension in H2O2 was then preparedand activated as described above. Bactericidal effects were assessed by viable counting. Two-way analysis of variance and Tukey’s test were used to assess the statistical significance of differences among groups (P < 0.05). HO generation and bactericidal activity were significantly increased by PUI in H2O2 in a time-dependent manner and were significantly higher than with H2O2 alone or with PUI in a Tris-HCl suspension. These results suggest that PUI in the presence of a low H2O2 concentration is a promising new disinfection strategy. (J Oral Sci 56, 35-39, 2014)

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© 2014 by Nihon University School of Dentistry
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