2018 Volume 60 Issue 3 Pages 367-373
We used optical coherence tomography to examine the effect of a coating material containing surface reaction-type pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) filler on primary enamel demineralization in 18 extracted human primary teeth. The pulp was removed, and each tooth was ultrasonically cleaned with distilled water. Six teeth were treated with 0.1-M lactic acid buffer solution (De group). In the second group (n = 6), a thin film of coating material was applied before demineralization (PRG group). A third group (Control group; n = 6) was maintained in artificial saliva. Using optical coherence tomography, we measured peak signal intensity (dB) and width at 1/e2 (µm) at predetermined locations on the enamel surface and calculated integrated values. All data were analyzed with ANOVA and the Tukey-Kramer test (α = 0.05). Although changes in integrated values differed between groups, there was a small but significant increase in the Control group and a small but significant decrease in the De group. In the PRG group, integrated values were significantly higher at 7 days after the start of the experiment and significantly increased thereafter. Our findings indicate that a coating material containing S-PRG fillers may prevent primary enamel demineralization.