2019 Volume 61 Issue 2 Pages 206-212
Cigarette smoking is a lifestyle-related risk factor involved in the causation and progression of periodontal disease. Nicotine is a key toxic component of tobacco. However, the mechanisms underlying nicotine-induced periodontitis have not yet been fully elucidated. The present study investigated the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile of human periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs) treated with nicotine. Using differential analysis of miRNA array data, several differentially expressed miRNAs were identified in nicotine-treated PDLCs. Quantitative real-time PCR was employed to verify the accuracy of the miRNA array, and the targets of these dysregulated miRNAs were further analyzed. Function and pathway enrichment of differentially expressed miRNAs suggested that several important signaling pathways, such as the Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, nicotine addiction, the transforming growth factor-beta signaling pathway, and the hypoxia inducible factor-1 signaling pathway, are potentially responsible for nicotine-induced periodontitis. This study has helped to clarify the epigenetic mechanisms of nicotine-induced periodontitis, highlighting novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets.