2021 Volume 63 Issue 2 Pages 174-178
Purpose: The present study aimed to identify dysregulated exosomal miRNAs associated with diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).
Methods: Microarray analysis was used to compare expression profiles of exosomal miRNAs in the OSCC-derived cell lines HSC-2, HSC-3, Ca9-22, and HO-1-N1 with those in human normal keratinocytes (HNOKs). The identified OSCC-related miRNAs and their potential target genes were analyzed with bioinformatic analyses, and the data were subjected to Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) to clarify functional networks and gene ontologies of the identified exosomal miRNAs secreted by OSCC cells.
Results: Comparison with HNOKs detected 8 upregulated and 12 downregulated miRNAs in OSCC-secreted exosomes. The potential target mRNAs of these dysregulated miRNAs were suggested by IPA, and 6 significant genetic networks were indicated by genetic network analysis. Furthermore, 4 crucial upstream miRNAs—miR-125b-5p, miR-17-5p, miR-200b-3p, and miR-23a-3p—were identified. miR-125b-5p was a central node in the most significant network. Gene ontology analysis showed significant enrichment of genes with cancer-related functions, such as molecular mechanisms of cancer, cell cycle, and regulation of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition.
Conclusion: These results provide a comprehensive view of the functions of dysregulated exosomal miRNAs in OSCC, thus illuminating OSCC tumorigenesis and development.