2014 年 2 巻 1 号 p. 116-135
Various forms of damage to the bridge foundation structure in the revetment along riverbanks and sea coasts caused by liquefaction had been observed during past earthquakes. Several studies on liquefaction using physical model tests and numerical analysis have been conducted in recent years. However, few studies have investigated the seismic behavior of the foundation in a revetment with a slope. In strong earthquakes, the sloped ground is expected to be unstable, and lateral spreading of the ground may occur simultaneously with the loss of soil strength in the liquefaction layer. Moreover, in the seismic design specification (JRA-2002) of the bridge, the liquefaction verification of the foundation is stipulated for a flat ground but not for a sloped ground. Therefore, the effect of the lateral pressure of the liquefaction layer on the foundation in the revetment must be investigated further. This study aims to investigate the dynamic behavior of a steel pipe sheet pile (SPSP) foundation of a cable-stayed bridge and its effect on the performance of the superstructure in the revetment with a slope. A 1-G shaking table test with a scale of 1:60 was conducted on a flat model and a slope model of 15°. In addition, 2-D numerical modeling was applied in an effective stress analysis method that was used on a multi-spring model and cocktail glass model. The differences in the dynamic responses between the two models clearly illustrate the significant effect of the ground slope on the seismic behavior of the SPSP foundation and superstructure.