2019 Volume 40 Issue 3 Pages 143-148
Peculiar ion-pairing elution behavior of analyte anions with counter cations in electrostatic ion chromatography (EIC) using water as a mobile phase was theoretically elucidated based on the Donnan membrane equilibrium principle and charge balance condition. New parameters, fanion and fcation, containing a fluctuating coefficient, x, which corresponded to capacity factors, were derived from the Donnan equation. The fanion and fcation of the constituent anion and cation in ion-pairing elution were connected with each other by the x, and the capacity factor, kion pair (of co-eluting anion and cation) could be predicted by solving the relation of fanion = fcation for x. The elution volumes for various ion pairs thus semiempirically calculated were in good agreement with those experimentally obtained. In addition, the selective ion-pairing formation in EIC could reasonably be explained by applying the parameters to a modified classical plate theory.