Journal of Pesticide Science
Online ISSN : 1349-0923
Print ISSN : 1348-589X
ISSN-L : 0385-1559
Regular Articles
A simple reliable quantification of glyphosate in human urine using MonoSpin TiO extraction and isotope dilution mass spectrometry
Takamitsu Otake Keisuke NakamuraNobuyasu Hanari
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2023 Volume 48 Issue 4 Pages 137-148


A method of quantifying glyphosate (Gly) in human urine by means of MonoSpin TiO extraction and 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl chloride (FMOC-Cl) derivatization with isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS) was investigated and optimized. The method’s quantification limit under optimized conditions was 0.3 µg/kg for FMOC-Gly, which was comparable to or lower than those described in previous studies. When a spike test using human urine samples was carried out with optimized analytical conditions, the trueness for FMOC-Gly was as follows: 101.6–104.9% for a spike level of 0.5 µg/kg and 99.2–101.0% for a spike level of 30 µg/kg. The intra-day repeatability and inter-day reproducibility were <6.5%. The spike test results for validation between the “with” and “without” derivatization methods were comparable at 1 µg/kg. Our results indicate that using MonoSpin TiO extraction and FMOC-Cl derivatization with IDMS is an accurate method for analyzing Gly in human urine.

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© Pesticide Science Society of Japan 2023. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License (

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons [Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International] license.
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