Article ID: JPR_D_20_00180
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the responsiveness of chewing tests after removable partial denture (RPD) treatment in this prospective cohort study.
Methods: Pre- and post-RPD treatment, objective masticatory function was evaluated in 248 patients via chewing tests involving peanuts, a gummy jelly, and a color-changeable gum. A statistical comparison was performed between the pre- and post-treatment scores, and the standardized response mean (SRM) was determined as the treatment effect size (ES).
Results: After RPD treatment, the median particle size in the sieving method using peanuts significantly decreased, and the glucose concentration in the gummy jelly method significantly increased (P < 0.001). The ESs of the sieving and gummy jelly methods were larger (|SRM| = 0.3–0.4) than that of the gum method (|SRM| = 0.1). In the subgroup analysis, the sieving and gummy jelly methods resulted in a broader effective range (|SRM| ≥ 0.3) than the gum method. In patients without pre-treatment dentures, the ES was medium in the sieving method (|SRM| = 0.6) and weak in the gummy jelly and gum methods (|SRM| = 0.3–0.4). The pre-treatment level of masticatory function was significantly correlated with ES (ρ = 0.93, P < 0.001).
Conclusions: These results suggest that the sieving and gummy jelly methods are more responsive than the gum method for RPD treatment and that the pre-treatment scores affect the responsiveness.