1998 Volume 20 Issue 1 Pages 49-70
The purposes of this study are 1. to study necessity of observation and interpretation of people's sport behavior by government, and 2. to make clear epistemologically how to observe and interprete.
As the viewpoint of analysis, 3 symbolic formulae are used. These are,
(1) y=sym (x), (2) x=con (y), and (3) Ex [y=sym (x)·x=con (y)]
‹y› means linguistic import, ‹x› means concrete action, ‹sym› is the shortningform of ‹symbolize›, ‹con› is that of ‹concretize›, and ‹Ex› is existence of a person. (1) y=sym (x) is the process of symbolize x to y, (2) x=con (y) is the process of concretize ‹y› to ‹x›, and (3) Ex [y=sym (x)·x=con (y)] is the process of personal circulations of, so called “the hermeneutischer Zirkel”.
For the first purpose of this study, three texts are used. They are the ‹Politica› of Aristotle, the ‹Constitution of Japan›, and ‹On the Directions of Education in our Country for the 21st Century; the First Report of The 15th Central Council on Education›, Ministry of education, Science, Sports and Culture, Japan.
We concluded that the necessity of observation and interpretation of people's sport behavior by government is very clear. And also it has very important relations for the welfare of the country.
For the second purpose of this study, ‹Wahlheit und Methode› by Hans-Georg Gadamer is used as the main text.
We concluded that the existential circulation of interpretation can be transferable to the above mentioned relations between language and behavior by mediation of the phenomenological body of Merleau-Ponty.
The sovereign and, especially, the administrator of community government should engage in politics through this process of existential circulation of interpretation.