2014 年 26 巻 3 号 p. 431-433
[Purpose] A stationary bicycle exercise and a treadmill exercise were conducted in order to determine the effect of these exercises on the balance and walking ability of elderly women. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four elderly women aged 65 or older were equally assigned to a stationary bicycle exercise group and a treadmill exercise group, and they performed exercise three times per week for 8 weeks for 20 minutes each time. In order to examine gait, step length and time were measured as parameters of walking ability, and in order to examine dynamic balance, subjects were evaluated with the Berg balance scale (BBS). [Results] After the intervention, step time and step length and BBS significantly increased significantly decreased, in both groups. A comparison of BBS after the intervention between the two groups revealed that the stationary bicycle group showed larger increases than the treadmill group. [Conclusion] The stationary bicycle exercise group and treadmill exercise group showed significant improvements in gait and balance. Stationary bicycle exercise can help to prevent falls by improving the balance of elderly persons.