Journal of Reproduction and Development
Online ISSN : 1348-4400
Print ISSN : 0916-8818
ISSN-L : 0916-8818

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Generation, characterization, and differentiation of induced pluripotent stem-like cells in the domestic cat
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: 2022-038


Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are generated from somatic cells and can differentiate into various cell types. Therefore, these cells are expected to be a powerful tool for modeling diseases and transplantation therapy. Generation of domestic cat iPS cells depending on leukemia inhibitory factor has been reported; however, this strategy may not be optimized. Considering that domestic cats are excellent models for studying spontaneous diseases, iPS cell generation is crucial. In this study, we aimed to derive iPS cells from cat embryonic fibroblasts retrovirally transfected with mouse Oct3/4, Klf4, Sox2, and c-Myc. After transfection, embryonic fibroblasts were reseeded onto inactivated SNL 76/7 and cultured in a medium supplemented with basic fibroblast growth factor. Flat, compact, primary colonies resembling human iPS colonies were observed. Additionally, primary colonies were more frequently observed in the KnockOut Serum Replacement medium than in the fetal bovine serum (FBS) medium. However, enhanced maintenance and proliferation of iPS-like cells occurred in the FBS medium. These iPS-like cells expressed embryonic stem cell markers, had normal karyotypes, proliferated beyond 45 passages, and differentiated into all three germ layers in vitro. Notably, expression of exogenous Oct3/4, Klf4, and Sox2 was silenced in these cells. However, the iPS-like cells failed to form teratomas. In conclusion, this is the first study to establish and characterize cat iPS-like cells, which can differentiate into different cell types depending on the basic fibroblast growth factor.

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