2009 Volume 49 Issue 3 Pages 1-17
This paper is prepared as the keynote speech of the 50th Anniversary Symposium on “Multifunctionality of Local Fisheries and Fishing Community”, held in 2008. The purpose of this symposium was to identify effective approach to revitalization of fishing community which had been disadvantageous position under global economy, from a viewpoint of multifunctionality. Firstly, the externality of local fisheries and fishing community was discussed, while referring to the society’s demand for sustaining it. Secondly, how fishers and resource users contributed to the society as a whole was assessed. It was highly appreciated that they and their society played an important role in conservation of coastal environment and resources. Thirdly, local society transformed some contents of externality into economic resources which would be useful for local economy. People were trying to develop “multifunctionality.” Fisheries policy also made much effort to keep multi-functionality, focusing on unfavorable condition of remote islands and conservation of coastal environment and resources. Under the WTO resume, people were encouraged to increase by-product of fisheries, without any incentive to increase fisheries production.