2009 Volume 49 Issue 3 Pages 19-34
I have made a study of the history of how the multiple functions of fisheries administration have been categorized. They were first categorized as far back as 1987. In an interim report prepared by a study committee on problems facing fisheries, their roles in Japan were initially placed into five categories: (1) securing a stable supply of marine products, (2) providing opportunities to earn income and find employment, (3) preserving the marine environment, (4) passing on fishing traditions and the way of life, and (5) providing sites for marine recreation. I also traced the history of this classification through White Papers on fisheries published since 1987 and found that most of these functions had been identified in the first stages of classification.
This paper aims to clarify the history of the measures taken to support the multiple functions of fisheries administration. The economic evaluation of multiple functions was first made in 1996, but there was a lack of systematic action on them until they were specifically laid out in Fisheries Basic Act, 2001. Although it was a follow-up action from the agriculture and forestry industries, a grant system was adopted, with the first financial support provided to revive fishing on isolated islands in 2005. A system for supporting environmental and ecological preservation activities is also scheduled to be launched in 2009. There is another system, called Support for Advanced Farming, which is similar to the latter support system mentioned above and is designed to provide grants for distribution to individual farmers to improve the environmental preservation of farming land and water. In fisheries, however, no such grant system had even been considered. I therefore examined the potential for establishing a grant system to compensate for increased costs and declining revenues resulting from external diseconomies, while accepting that external uneconomic factors affect certain areas of the fishing and aquaculture industries.