2017 Volume 67 Issue 5 Pages 500-508
The genetic variation in resistance to blast (Pyricularia oryzae Cavara) in 195 rice accessions comprising 3 species of the AA genome complex (Asian rice [Oryza sativa L.], African rice [Oryza glaberrima Steud.] and wild rice [Oryza barthii]) was investigated based on their patterns of reaction to standard differential blast isolates (SDBIs) and SSR marker polymorphism data. Cluster analysis of the polymorphism data of 61 SSR markers identified 3 major clusters: cluster A (mainly Japonica Group or upland accessions), cluster B (mainly Indica Group or lowland accessions) and cluster C (O. glaberrima and O. barthii). The accessions were classified again into 3 resistance groups based on reactions to SDBIs: group Ia (susceptible), group Ib (middle resistance) and group II (high resistance). Group Ia included only a few differential varieties, susceptible controls and the Japonica Group cultivar Nipponbare. Accessions in clusters A and B included all 3 resistance groups and showed a wide variation in blast resistance, but cluster C contained only group Ib. These results demonstrated that variations in Asian rice (O. sativa) accessions in West Africa were skewed toward high resistance and that variations in O. glaberrima and O. barthii were limited and lower than the Asian rice accessions.