2020 Volume 70 Issue 4 Pages 462-473
Bacterial wilt, caused by the Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum species complex, is an important vascular disease that limits tomato production in tropical and subtropical regions. Two major quantitative trait loci (QTL) of bacterial wilt resistance on chromosome 6 (Bwr-6) and 12 (Bwr-12) were previously identified in Solanum lycopersicum ‘Hawaii 7996’; however, marker-assisted breeding for bacterial wilt resistance is not well established. To dissect the QTL, six cleaved amplified polymorphic sites (CAPS) and derived CAPS (dCAPS) markers within the Bwr-6 region and one dCAPS marker near Bwr-12 were developed, and resistance levels in 117 tomato cultivars were evaluated. Two markers, RsR6-5 on chromosome 6 and RsR12-1 on chromosome 12, were selected based on the genotypic and phenotypic analysis. The combination of RsR6-5 and RsR12-1 effectively distinguishes resistant and susceptible cultivars. Furthermore, the efficiency of the two markers was validated in the F3 generation derived from the F2 population between E6203 (susceptible) and Hawaii 7998 (resistant). Resistant alleles at both loci led to the resistance to bacterial wilt. These markers will facilitate marker-assisted breeding of tomato resistant to bacterial wilt.