Article ID: 16203
The occurrence of chalky rice (Oryza sativa L.) grains caused by high temperature is a serious problem in rice production. Of the several kinds of chalky grains, milky-white grains are not well analyzed. The milky-white rice grain phenomenon is caused by genetic factors as well as environmental and nutritional conditions. To analyze the genetic control system for rice grain quality, we raised recombinant inbred lines from progeny produced from ‘Tsukushiroman’ (high temperature sensitive) and ‘Chikushi 52’ (high temperature tolerant) cultivars. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis revealed that the QTL on chromosome 4, linked to the simple sequence repeat marker RM16424, contributed substantially to the occurrence of milky-white grains, as it was detected over two experimental years. To validate the effect of the QTL, we developed near isogenic lines that have the ‘Chikushi 52’ segment on the short arm of chromosome 4 in the ‘Tsukushiroman’ genetic background, and that had a lower milky-white grain ratio than that of ‘Tsukushiroman’ when exposed to high temperatures during the ripening period. These results suggest that the ‘Chikushi 52’ allele on chromosome 4 suppresses the occurrence of milky-white grains and improves rice grain quality under heat stress during the grain ripening period.