Breeding Science
Online ISSN : 1347-3735
Print ISSN : 1344-7610
ISSN-L : 1344-7610

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Genomic traces of Japanese malting barley breeding in two modern high-quality cultivars, ‘Sukai Golden’ and ‘Sachiho Golden’
Shin TaketaJune-Sik KimHidekazu TakahashiShunsuke YajimaYuichi KoshiishiToshinori SotomeTsuneo KatoKeiichi Mochida
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication
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Article ID: 23031


Two modern high-quality Japanese malting barley cultivars, ‘Sukai Golden’ and ‘Sachiho Golden’, were subjected to RNA-sequencing of transcripts extracted from 20-day-old immature seeds. Despite their close relation, 2,419 Sukai Golden-specific and 3,058 Sachiho Golden-specific SNPs were detected in comparison to the genome sequences of two reference cultivars: ‘Morex’ and ‘Haruna Nijo’. Two single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) clusters respectively showing the incorporation of (1) the barley yellow mosaic virus (BaYMV) resistance gene rym5 from six-row non-malting Chinese landrace Mokusekko 3 on the long arm of 3H, and (2) the anthocyanin-less ant2 gene from a two-row Dutch cultivar on the long arm of 2H were detected specifically in ‘Sukai Golden’. Using 221 recombinant inbred lines of a cross between ‘Ishukushirazu’ and ‘Nishinochikara’, another BaYMV resistance rym3 gene derived from six-row non-malting Japanese cultivar ‘Haganemugi’ was mapped to a 0.4-cM interval on the proximal region of 5H. Haplotype analysis of progenitor accessions of the two modern malting cultivars revealed that rym3 of ‘Haganemugi’ was independently introduced into ‘Sukai Golden’ and ‘Sachiho Golden’. Residual chromosome 5H segments of ‘Haganemugi’ surrounding rym3 were larger in ‘Sukai Golden’. Available results suggest possibilities for malting quality improvement by minimizing residual segments surrounding rym3.

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