2017 Volume 73 Issue 5 Pages I_35-I_44
Urbanization and climate change, which are greatly interacted, influence not only urban economic activities but also more multi-dimensional happiness. In order to enhance acceptability of climate policies, it is thus necessary to globally evaluate their impacts on happiness, taking account of the influences of urbanization and climate change. However, the impacts of urbanization and climate change on happiness have not been examined comprehensively, considering both influences of the urban environment and the natural environment. This study aims to clarify the capabilities and limitations of internationally-developed happiness indicators for the application to the evaluation for influences from urbanization and climate change. First, a literature review on happiness evaluation is conducted to classify the evaluation methodology. Then, another literature review on the relationship between urbanization, climate change and happiness is made to identify key factors of their influential mechanisms. Finally, the characteristics of existing happiness indicators developed by international organizations are sort out to clarify their capabilities and limitations for the application to the evaluation.