2017 Volume 73 Issue 5 Pages I_57-I_68
It is pointed out that those who have a high recognition of disaster risk does not always take precautionary actions against natural disasters. This is called disaster risk perception paradox. It implies that improvement of disaster-risk perception does not always lead to individual preparedness or response against natural disasters. A lot of past researches focused on individual implementation or motive of actions against natural disasters to promote them; however, they are different in the promoting or disturbing factors to explain them. Against this background, this paper verifies global and local characteristics of individual mitigation actions through the same questionnaire surveys over 6 regions to obtain an unified view of the resolution of risk perception paradox. Consequently, for the promotion of preparing an emergency bag, it concludes that it is commonly effective to improve a perception of the coping appraisal in response efficacy and cost rather than the threat appraisal about natural disaster.