2017 年 33 巻 1 号 p. 121-125
BACKGROUND: With the increase in the cesarean section rate, the complications associated with cesarean section wounds have also increased. The presence of a cesarean scar defect and diverticulum has recently been identified as a source of persistent, irregular vaginal bleeding, menstrual pain, secondary infertility, and lower abdominal pain, known as cesarean scar syndrome.
CASE: A 33-year-old woman presented with menstrual and lower abdominal pain in association with an anterior extrauterine cystic mass detected by pelvic ultrasound, thought to represent a cesarean scar diverticulum. The cystic diverticulum was laparoscopically excised, and the lower anterior uterine wall was repaired. The postoperative course was good and the patient was discharged on the fifth day after surgery. Menstrual and lower abdominal pain resolved after surgery.
CONCLUSION: In cases of cesarean scar syndrome associated with a cystic diverticulum, laparoscopic surgery should be considered, especially when menstrual and lower abdominal pain is present.