Japanese Journal of Health and Human Ecology
Online ISSN : 1882-868X
Print ISSN : 0368-9395
ISSN-L : 0368-9395
Standardization of Chinese Version Kyoto Developmental Test I
The validity and degree of difficulty of test items used for the children from 1 to 3 yeas of age
Jian GAOHideyo GOMA
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2003 Volume 69 Issue 4 Pages 112-131

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Abstract

Kyoto Development Test was administered to 1124 children with 575 boys and 549 girls aged from one to three and six months, living in T City in China. We made the comparison of the results of this test with average scores of Standardization of Kyoto Development Test standardization. The following three points were established. 1) Due to different language culture and different rearing environment, much more diversity was revealed from comparison of the age of pass rate at 50% and 75% between Chinese children and Japanese children. However, it showed that Kyoto Development Test was applicable to Chinese children because pass rate was far beyond 50 percent on the quantity items with the fitted age. 2) In repetition test, Chinese children made better than Japanese children because of contraction of syllables in course of using Chinese. The result indicated that Japanese criterion was not available for evaluating the abilities of numbers memorization of Chinese children. And it needed to regulate par of difficulty and alter the qualification level. 3) The pictures of telephone in the original examination items were different from those in Chinese culture, which caused pass rate lower, and thus they needed to be replaced.

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