2016 Volume 84 Issue 1 Pages I_31-I_38
Recently, the evaluation of the failure potential of earth-filled dams has become important because of the increasing occurrence of storm rainfall. Although most instances of earth-filled dam failure are caused by overflow, in-depth knowledge of the mechanism of the erosion and failure process of embankments due to overflow is still lacking. This paper presents a numerical method for simulating an embankment erosion and failure process by the moving particle semi-implicit (MPS) method. To reasonably simulate the erosion and failure process of an embankment due to overflow, a simple erosion model whose parameters can be determined through erosion tests on embankment materials was newly incorporated into the original MPS method. An embankment erosion and failure process observed in a model test was simulated by the proposed MPS method to confirm its practicability. Although the simulation accuracy for the erosion rate is slightly low at the beginning of the erosion, the average simulated values of the erosion rate are almost the same as the experimental values. The proposed MPS method can be a useful tool in embankment design practices to simulate embankment erosion due to overflow and to discuss remedial measures against overflow.